Sunday, February 10, 2013

How to use Twitter Bootstrap with Asp.Net MVC 3 ?

What is Twitter Bootstrap (TB) ?
  • TB is a Free (open source) collection of tools for creating web applications
  • It contains HTML and CSS-based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, charts, navigation and other interface components
  • As well as optional JavaScript extensions
  • TB has supported for HTML5 and CSS 3
  • It is compatible with all major browsers
  • It also supports Responsive Design
           - This means the graphic design of web pages adjusts dynamically, taking into account
              the characteristics of the device used (PC, tablet, mobile phone)


Twitter Bootstrap


How to Download Twitter Bootstrap ?


Step 1 :

Download Twitter Bootstrap

Step 2 : 
  • After unzip the content,You will have below mentioned folders
After unzip the content

  • CSS folder's content is as below

CSS folder's content

  • IMG folder's content is as below

IMG folder's content

  • JS folder's content is as below

JS folder's content


How to create Asp.Net MVC 3 project using Visual Studio 2010 ?

Step 1 :  Click,  File ==> New Project

New Project


Step 2 :  Select, Internet Application Template

Select, Internet Application Template


Step 3 :  MVC 3 Internet Application Template generated Solution Explore is as below

Complete project


How to add Twitter Bootstrap UI Framework for Asp.Net MVC 3 project ?

css and img :
  • Create a folder named "bootstrap" under the Content folder
  • Create 2 sub-folders named "css" and "img" under that
  • Add the .css files into css folder and .png files into img folder

Note: The framework assumes that the .png images are located under a folder
           named "img" under the parent folder of the folder in which the .css files are located  

scripts :
  • Create a folder named "bootstrap" under the Scripts folder
  • Add the bootstrap javaScript files into it

After that solution explore looks like below

Complete project


Let's try to add Bootstrap effects into our Asp.net MVC project

How to Add the Bootstrap CSS ?
  • Open the _Layout.cshtml page
  • Add the following 2 lines in the head tag at the end of its existing content
  • You don't need to remove any of its existing content   
  • You need to make sure that bootstrap-responsive.min.css appears after the bootstrap.min.css 

<head>
<link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css")"
      rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
<link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/bootstrap/css/bootstrap-responsive.min.css")"
      rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
</head>


How to Add Bootstrap JavaScript ?
  • It is a good practice to add the JavaScript files at the end of the page content
  • Add the following line at the end of the _Layout.cshtml file before ending the body tag

<script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/bootstrap/bootstrap.min.js")"
        type="text/javascript"></script>


Let's add some Twitter Bootstrap css styles for our Asp.Net MVC UIs

Site.css
  • Open the Site.css file
  • Look for the "header h1, #header h1" styled item
  • Replace it with the following code block   

header h1, #header h1
{
    font-weight: normal;
    padding: 5px 0;
    margin: 0;
    color: #5c87b2;
    border: none;
    line-height: 2em;
    font-size: 20px !important;
    text-shadow: 1px 1px 1px #111;
}

  • Look for #logindisplay, #logindisplay a:link, #logindisplay a:visited and #logindisplay a:hover styled items
  • Change the color property to #555 instead of white
  • Replace it with following code block   

#logindisplay
{
    font-size: 1.1em;
    display: block;
    text-align: right;
    margin: 10px;
    color: #555;
}

#logindisplay a:link
{
    color: #555;
    text-decoration: underline;
}

#logindisplay a:visited
{
    color: #555;
    text-decoration: underline;
}

#logindisplay a:hover
{
    color: #555;
    text-decoration: none;
}

Let's Modify Body 
  • Open _Layout.cshtml page
  • Replace it with following code block  

_Layout.cshtml (complete code)

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8" />
<title>@ViewBag.Title</title>
<link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/Site.css")" rel="stylesheet"
      type="text/css" />
<link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css")"
      rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
<link href="@Url.Content("~/Content/bootstrap/css/bootstrap-responsive.min.css")"
      rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
</head>

<body>
    <div class="container-fluid">
        <div id="header" class="row-fluid">
            <div id="title">
                <h1>
                    My MVC Application</h1>
            </div>
            <div id="logindisplay">
                @Html.Partial("_LogOnPartial")
            </div>
        </div>
        <div id="" class="row-fluid">
         <div class="navbar">
           <div class="navbar-inner">
             <div class="container-fluid">
               <div class="nav-collapse">
                 <ul class="nav">
                   <li class="@(ViewBag.Active == "Home" ? "active" : "")">
                       @Html.ActionLink("Home", "Index", "Home")
                    </li>
                    <li class="divider-vertical"></li>
                    <li class="@(ViewBag.Active == "About" ? "active" : "")">
                       @Html.ActionLink("About", "About", "Home")
                    </li>
                  </ul>
               </div>
             </div>
          </div>
         </div>
        </div>
      <div id="" class="row-fluid">
         @RenderBody()
      </div>
      <div id="footer" class="row-fluid">
      </div>
    </div>

    <script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.0/jquery.min.js">
           </script>
    <script src="@Url.Content("~/Scripts/bootstrap/bootstrap.min.js")"
            type="text/javascript"></script>
</body>
</html>


Let's Modify Home Page
  • Open Index.cshtml page
  • Replace it with following code block 

Index.cshtml (complete code)

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";
    ViewBag.Active = "Home";
}
<div class="hero-unit">
    <h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>
    <p>
        This is a template to demonstrate the way to beautify the default
        MVC3 template using Twitter Bootstrap website. It is pretty
        simple and easy.
    </p>
    <p>
        <a href="http://asp.net/mvc" class="btn btn-primary btn-large"
           style="color: White;">
         To learn more about ASP.NET MVC visit &raquo;</a>
    </p>
</div>


Let's Modify About Page
  • Open About.cshtml page
  • Replace it with following code block 

About.cshtml (complete code)

@{
    ViewBag.Title = "About Us";
    ViewBag.Active = "About";
}
<div class="row-fluid">
    <div class="span4">
        <h2>
            About 1</h2>
        <p>
            Your About 1 details.Your About 1 details.Your About 1 details.
            Your About 1 details.Your About 1 details.Your About 1 details.
            Your About 1 details.Your About 1 details.Your About 1 details.
        </p>
        <p>
            <a class="btn" href="#">View details &raquo;</a></p>
    </div>
    <div class="span4">
        <h2>
            About 2</h2>
        <p>
            Your About 2 details.Your About 2 details.Your About 2 details.
            Your About 2 details.Your About 2 details.Your About 2 details.
            Your About 2 details.Your About 2 details.Your About 2 details.
        </p>
        <p>
            <a class="btn" href="#">View details &raquo;</a></p>
    </div>
    <div class="span4">
        <h2>
            About 3</h2>
        <p>
            Your About 3 details.Your About 3 details.Your About 3 details.
            Your About 3 details.Your About 3 details.Your About 3 details.
            Your About 3 details.Your About 3 details.Your About 3 details.
        <p>
            <a class="btn" href="#">View details &raquo;</a></p>
    </div>
</div>


That's it.You're done.

  • Now the Asp.net MVC 3 project with Twitter Bootstrap Template should look like below

Home page (portion)

Home page


About page (portion)

About page


Do you need to Download This Sample Project ?


Do you need to dive deep ends of  Twitter Bootstrap ?


Conclusion
  • Bootstrap is a Toolkit from Twitter designed to kick-start development of web-apps and sites
  • You can design highly professional and more sophisticated web sites with minimum effort by using Bootstrap
  • It is Tested and supported in the major modern browsers, such as the Latest versions of Safari, Google Chrome, Firefox 5+, and Internet Explorer 7+
  • With Bootstrap 2.0 and later, Mobile browsers are also supported
  • So Try to use TB with your web projects and Enjoy it 


I hope this helps to You.Comments and feedback greatly appreciated.

If you feel it was a good article,Give me a +1.Thank You.




Happy Coding.

May Be Useful for You

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How to Enable jQuery Intellisense in Visual Studio 2010 ?

53 comments:

  1. thx for sharing the information and the code

    ReplyDelete
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  2. Hi,

    This is a good work.I know little of this boot strap concept.
    I have a request for writing an article based on github working How the repository is created with Command prompt and how the Working also appharbor.How you wont neglect it.

    Waiting for your reply

    -Vishnu Nadesh-

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Vishnu,

      Thanks for your feedback.
      I have already written a article about GIT.Please check below mentioned url.

      How to Use Git with Visual Studio 2010 ?

      http://sampathloku.blogspot.com/2012/09/how-to-use-git-with-visual-studio-2010.html

      Delete
  3. If you want LESS on Windows, you may start here: http://winless.org/. It's basically just setting up your project to use the CSS and Javascript. There are many bootstrap tutorials out there and their website is a great place to star. I've added it to a couple projects that didn't have it already. It is a great CSS framework and I used it without installing LESS. I'd get the latest stuff from the Bootstrap website as opposed to any older versions that might be included in a generated boilerplate project for a any given web application framework. Make sure the Bootstrap CSS is referenced first before your own stylesheets.

    -Aris Green-

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  18. Great page, however, you forgot the button for when the browser page shrinks down and the menu disappears. I think (from copying another example) the following button HTML should go on the _Layout.cshtml between the two div tags "div class="container-fluid"" and "div class="nav-collapse"" (I've had to replace < and > with * so this comment would post!):
    *div class="container-fluid"*
    *button class="btn btn-navbar" type="button" data-target=".nav-collapse" data-toggle="collapse"*
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    *span class="icon-bar"**/span*
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    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Tony,

      Thanks for your constructive feedback.But My idea here was to explain how to set up TB with Asp.Net MVC 3.Here I didn't go for explain responsive design layout.But I will do that kind of article also in near future.Here I have used "Hero Template" of TB.It's having same issue which you have mentioned.
      Here is the link for that : http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/examples/hero.html#

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    2. Hi ya, yeah, your site helped me out really well for getting bootstrap integrated with MVC3, it just took me a while to work out why the main menu disappeared when the window shrunk up.
      It was simply because of the missing button. I'm not sure how having that button in your _Layout would do anything but help people, as it should be there, otherwise it's just going to make people wonder where their menu disappeared to when the browser shrinks up and why!
      Perhaps at least make a note that the layout html is incomplete as it needs the button, just to help people out?
      That link you put in your reply to me does have the 'three bar' button when the browser page shrinks up and works as expected. Perhaps I haven't explained clearly where that button HTML needs to go?
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      Tony.
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    3. Hi Tony,

      I have done what you told about your first comment.But still the result is same.So you also can play with this.And let me know if it's working fine.
      This is the link for my sample code:
      http://rapidshare.com/files/3730811403/TBwithMVC.zip

      P.S.Thanks for mentioning about spam messages also.

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      But below mentioned links may be helped for you.

      Twitter Bootstrap for SharePoint : http://bootstrapsharepoint.codeplex.com/

      Use Twitter Bootstrap for SharePoint App development :
      http://ranaictiu-technicalblog.blogspot.com/2013/03/sharepoint-2013-use-twitter-bootstrap.html

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  23. Can we use twitter bootstrap with MVC 2????

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Nitish,

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      Delete
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